According to the Slovak legislation, business visitors for establishment purposes (BVEPs), short-term business visitors (STBV), contractual service suppliers (CSSs) and independent professionals (IPs) are not classified as separate categories for the purpose of obtaining residence, or for being admitted to Slovakia. Depending on the situation, you can either apply for a Schengen visa, or a temporary residence for the purpose of employment.
In general, business visitors for establishment purposes and short-term business visitors would require a Schengen visa. Contractual service suppliers and independent professionals would require a Schengen visa and/or a temporary residence for the purpose of employment.
A uniform Schengen visa may be issued for one or more entries, for a maximum of 90 days within any 180-days period. Your stay in the Schengen Area based on this type of visa may not exceed the period for which it was granted. The Schengen visa cannot be used for employment or other similar profit-focused activity.
Where and how to apply
The application for a Schengen visa is filed at the Slovak embassy in the country of your citizenship or country of your residence. The application must be submitted in person, not earlier than three months prior to the planned trip to Slovakia.
The embassy will issue a decision within 15 calendar days from the date of delivery of your application. This period can be extended to a maximum of 30 calendar days, particularly if further assessment of the application is needed. In exceptional cases the period may be extended to a maximum of 60 calendar days.
The fee for applying for a Schengen visa is EUR 60.
To obtain a Schengen visa, you must submit the following documents:
It is possible that together with your Schengen visa application you will need to submit an invitation verified by the Foreign Police Department. It is necessary to verify this obligation at the Slovak embassy in the country of your citizenship or country of your residence.
If the obligation to verify the invitation is applicable, the inviting person may be:
The invitation verification must be applied for by the host at the competent Foreign Police Department according to their place of residence and submitted on the official application form.
All documents submitted with the application must not be older than 90 days. The Foreign Police Department will decide on the application within 15 days. An invitation verified by the Foreign Police Department is valid for 90 days from the date of verification. Once the invitation is verified, the inviting person should send it to the applicant who will attach it to the Schengen visa application.
After obtaining the Schengen visa, you must report the beginning, the location and the estimated length of your residence at the Foreign Police Department within three working days from your arrival to Slovakia. In case you are accommodated in a hotel or other accommodation facility, the provider of accommodation bears this obligation.
You can file an appeal with the embassy, if your application for a Schengen visa was rejected, or if your Schengen visa was annulled or revoked, within 15 days from the date the decision was delivered to you. A written decision is usually delivered within 60 days from the day of filing the appeal.
Conditions for extension
The extension of a Schengen visa in the territory of the Slovak Republic is basically not possible. In exceptional cases (e.g. force majeure, or serious personal reasons preventing you from leaving) the period of validity of your visa may be extended by a maximum of three months within one half-year. The application for a visa validity extension must be submitted at the competent Foreign Police Department.
Temporary residence for the purpose of employment
In specific cases stipulated by law, international service providers do not need temporary residence for the purpose of employment for a period of up to 90 days from the beginning of residence in Slovakia, if the foreign national resides in the country legally and fulfilled the reporting duty towards the Foreign Police (within 3 working days from entering the territory of the Slovak Republic). These cases include e.g. a foreign national, who:
In specific cases stipulated by law, international service providers also do not need a work permit or a confirmation on the possibility to fill a vacancy in order to work in Slovakia. These cases include e.g. a foreign national, who:
In other cases, you will in general need to obtain a temporary residence for the purpose of employment, issued upon a confirmation on the possibility to fill the vacancy (the so-called single permit to reside and work). You must apply only for the temporary residence for the purpose of employment and do not need to apply for a work permit. This type of temporary residence for the purpose of employment may be granted for a maximum period of two years.
Where and how to apply
Before you apply, your future employer must report the vacancy to the competent Office of Labour, Social Affairs and Family at least 20 working days prior to your application for temporary residence.
The Labour Office will assess if the position can be filled by a candidate registered in the Register of Unemployed Job Seekers. If the vacant position is not filled within 20 working days of reporting the vacancy by a candidate listed in the Register of Job Seekers, your employer may issue you a written promise of employment or conclude a contract of employment.
In general, it is recommended to file the application for temporary residence at the Slovak embassy in the country of your citizenship or country of your residence. In specific cases stipulated by law (e.g. if you are not subject to visa requirements, if you already hold a valid residence permit in the country/in another MS), you may submit your application for residence at the competent Foreign Police Department in Slovakia. The application must be submitted in person.
After submitting your application for residence, the relevant Foreign Police Department in Slovakia will request the confirmation on the possibility to fill the vacancy by a foreigner directly from the Labour Office.
The fee for applying for a single permit to reside and work is EUR 165.50 (if the application is submitted at the Foreign Police Department) or EUR 170 (if the application is submitted at the Slovak embassy). Administrative fees at the Foreign Police are paid in form of electronic fee stamps (eKolok), which may be bought directly at the Foreign Police Department through a vending machine, or at a post office. Consular fees at Slovak embassies are paid in cash or via bank transfers. It is recommended to verify the possible means of payment with the specific embassy.
To obtain temporary residence for the purpose of employment (or the so-called single permit to reside and work), you must submit:
All documents issued by official authorities abroad must be officially translated into Slovak by a certified translator and properly authenticated (apostille or superlegalisation). It is possible to submit documents issued or verified by official authorities of the Czech Republic in Czech language.
The documents must not be older than 90 days at the time of submitting the application.
You must enter the territory of the Slovak Republic within 180 days from being granted the residence.
You must report the beginning of your residence at the Foreign Police Department within three working days from your arrival to Slovakia.
Within 30 days from collecting the residence document in Slovakia, you must submit at the Foreign Police a medical report not older than 30 days confirming you do not suffer from a disease constituting a threat to public health (this can be prolonged by 60 days, if requested).
Within three working days from collecting the residence document, you must get a health insurance.
Submitting an application for temporary residence does not entitle you to reside in Slovakia. Until you obtain the temporary residence, you are entitled to stay in Slovakia only on the basis of a valid visa, another residence permit, or within the visa-free regime.
You must reside in the territory of Slovakia for more than half of the length of the granted temporary residence in a calendar year.
Conditions for renewal
Temporary residence for the purpose of employment may be renewed repeatedly, for a maximum period of five years.
If you want to apply for renewal of temporary residence, you must do so in person at the competent Foreign Police Department no later than the last day of validity of the temporary residence. The temporary residence is considered legal in the territory of Slovakia until the decision on its renewal. It is required that your employment lasts, i.e. the purpose for which you obtained the temporary residence still lasts. At the same time, your employer must report the vacancy to the Labour Office at least 20 working days before submitting the application for temporary residence. The application for renewal of temporary residence must be accompanied by a valid passport, otherwise the Foreign Police will not accept the application.
The application must be submitted together with:
Administrative fees at the Foreign Police are paid in form of electronic fee stamps (eKolok), which may be bought directly at the Foreign Police Department through a vending machine, or at a post office.
In the case of a positive decision on your application, the Foreign Police does not issue a written decision and will send you a written notification informing that the residence has been granted, stating the date of granting and date of expiry. The Foreign Police will send a written or electronic notification on granting of the residence to you, to the competent Slovak embassy, as well as to the self-governing region and to the municipality according to your place of residence in Slovakia.
You will obtain a written decision in case your application is rejected. You can file an administrative appeal to the Directorate of Foreign Police/Directorate of Border and Foreign Police. You can file a judicial appeal to the Regional Court.
If you hold a temporary residence for the purpose of employment in Slovakia and would like your family members to join you, they may apply for temporary residence for the purpose of family reunification.
Family members include your spouse of at least 18 years of age, your and your spouse’s unmarried children younger than 18 years of age, your unmarried children younger than 18 years of age, unmarried children of your spouse younger than 18 years of age, your dependent unmarried children older than 18 years of age or dependent unmarried children of your spouse who cannot provide for themselves due to a long-term unfavourable health condition, your dependent parent or parent of your spouse who lacks appropriate family support in the country of origin.
The Foreign Police Department can grant your family members residence until the validity of your residence expires, for a maximum period of 5 years.
Your family members may study, conduct business (does not apply to parents and children older than 18 years of age) and be employed during their stay in Slovakia. However, they need to obtain a work permit in the period of up to 12 months from being granted temporary residence. After the period of 12 months, they may work without further permits.
Act No. 404/2011 Coll. on Residence of Aliens and on amendment of some acts
Act No. 5/2004 Coll. on Employment Services and on amendment of certain acts